Why Your Security Strategy Must Evolve Alongside the Threat Landscape

Leo Cunningham
March 1, 2023

As technology continues to advance, the threat landscape for applications and software becomes more complex and dangerous. It’s a time when a single vulnerability in an application can expose sensitive data or lead to a devastating cyberattack.

The devastating cyber attacks in recent years have highlighted the need for improved AppSec measures and have spurred an increase in investment and research in this area. A 2022 survey from Enso shows that 70% of the participants considered AppSec as their top priority and around 90% were planning to improve their existing AppSec strategy in 2023.

Here are a few AppSec trends in 2023 that you need to keep track of to plan an effective security strategy. 

Cloud security 

As more companies adopt cloud computing, securing these environments is becoming a significant concern. Cloud application security involves protecting data, applications, and infrastructure from threats such as unauthorized access and data breaches and is now the foremost factor in achieving optimal security posture across enterprises.

API security

Application programming interfaces (APIs) are becoming a popular way to connect different systems and applications. However, they also create new security risks if not adequately secured. Insecure APIs are an alarmingly increasing threat as hackers can easily access sensitive data through vulnerable loopholes. API hygiene is the need of the hour complete with proper authentication, encryption, access control, etc.


This is a new-ish approach to software development that integrates security into the development process. By involving security professionals early on, organizations can identify and address potential security threats before they become problems. There’s also more focus on adopting automation, shifting security left, and continuous monitoring and testing.

Container security

Containers have become a popular way to package and deploy applications. However, securing these containers and the applications they run can be challenging. From securing the container image to implementing access control and runtime protection, to continuous monitoring and DevSecOps practices, there are many different ways to ensure that containers are secure and protected from cyber threats.

Artificial intelligence security

As AI becomes more widespread, there are concerns about how to secure these systems from attacks and ensure that they are not used for malicious purposes. Securing AI requires a multifaceted approach that addresses the security of the AI model with safe coding practices, the data it processes, and the environment in which it operates. And this can be achieved by implementing access control, data protection, explainability and transparency, and DevSecOps practices.

Zero-trust security

This is a security model that assumes that all users, devices, and systems are potentially untrusted until proven otherwise. This approach helps organizations better protect against cyber threats. Zero trust is important because it provides a more granular, comprehensive, and adaptable approach to cybersecurity that is better suited to the complex and evolving threat landscape by helping organizations better manage and control access and data and meet regulatory requirements. 

A shift in security culture

However, if you are going to adopt these trends and implement them, the first thing to consider is a culture shift. A security culture encompasses the values, behaviors, and practices of an organization related to information security. 

Adopting a security culture

In addition to staying ahead of trends, it’s important to know how to go about adopting a culture of security. Here are a few steps to begin with.

Senior leadership commitment

Application security must be a priority for senior leaders and incorporated into the organization’s overall strategy for multiple reasons. That includes securing the necessary resources, prioritizing security in relation to the company’s overall goals, gaining buy-in from all levels, and effective risk management and response, among others. 

Employee training and education

Employee training on best cybersecurity practices is an essential component of a comprehensive cybersecurity program. All employees should receive regular training and education covering awareness of potential threats, such as phishing scams and social engineering, and how to respond appropriately. With appropriate training, enterprises can reduce human error, mitigate risk, comply with regulations, protect sensitive data, and improve early detection and response.

Incorporating security into the development process

By integrating security into the software development lifecycle, organizations can identify and address potential security threats early on. It enables early identification and mitigation of vulnerabilities, promotes collaboration between development, operations, and security teams, reduces time to market, ensures compliance, and improves risk management. With this, organizations can create more secure, reliable, and compliant applications.

Encouraging reporting and open communication

Encouraging employees to report security incidents and providing a relaxed and non-punitive environment for reporting is essential for fostering a security culture. It helps promote early detection and response, improve incident management, enhance the overall security posture of the organization, and promote a culture of transparency.

Continuous monitoring and improvement

Regularly reviewing and updating security policies and processes, and conducting risk assessments help ensure that the organization’s security culture remains practical and up-to-date. By taking a proactive approach to security, businesses can address changing business needs caused by events like mergers and acquisitions or expansion into new markets, demonstrate due diligence, and detect security incidents in real-time.

In conclusion, adopting a culture of application security requires a long-term commitment from the entire organization. By investing in employee training, integrating security into the development process, encouraging reporting, and continuously monitoring and improving, organizations can create a secure environment that protects applications and data from cyber threats.

Leo Cunningham
CISO at Flo Health Inc.